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Adage: A saying that sets forth a general truth and that has gained credit through long use.
Afterword: A statement made afterward.
Aphorism: A short or concise expression of a principle, doctrine, or truth implying depth of content and stylistic distinction, usually having a known author.
Apothegm (Apophthegm): A short or terse, pithy or witty, instructive saying.
Attribution: A statement establishing a particular, place, or time as the creator, provenance, or era of a work of literature or art.
Axiom: A statement of a self-evident or universally recognized truth.
Blessing: A statement expressing a wish or prayer for the prosperity or happiness of a person or thing.
Catch Phrase: A phrase in wide or popular use, especially one serving as a slogan for a group or movement.
Chiasmus: A rhetorical inversion of the second of two parallel structures.
Citation: A quoting of an authoritative source for substantiation.
Cliche: A trite or overused expression or idea.
Corrigendum: An error to be corrected in a manuscript or printed work.
Credo: A system of principles or beliefs.
Dedication: A name or message prefixed to a book expressing appreciation or affection.
Dictum: An authoritative statement or dogmatic statement, sometimes superfluous.
Epigram: A terse, witty expression, often paradoxical or satirical and neatly or brilliantly phrased.
Epigraph: A pertinent motto or quotation at the beginning of a book or chapter.
Epilogue: A concluding section of a literary work serving to complete its plan.
Epitaph: A summary statement of commemoration for a dead person.
Etymology: That branch of philological science which deals with the history of words, tracing out their origin, primitive significance, and changes of form and meaning.
Excerpt: An extraction or quotation from a literary work.
Exordium: A beginning or introduction, especially to an oration.
Expression: A representation of meaning, sentiment or feeling.
Foreword: A statement made beforehand, a preface.
Maxim: A succinct formulation of a fundamental principle, general truth, or rule of conduct.
Moral: A lesson or principle taught by a literary work.
Motto: A maxim that express the aims, character, or guiding principles of a person, a group, or an institution.
Paraphrase: A rewording for the purpose of clarification, i.e., to express the same idea in different words.
Parody: A popular maxim, adage, or proverb.
Phrase: A group of two or more words expressing a thought fragment.
Plagiarism: A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being one's own work.
Platitude: A trite or banal remark or statement, especially one expressed as if it were original or significant.
Poetry: Broadly, language usually rhythmical adapted to arouse feelings and imagination.
Precept: A commandment, instruction or order intended as a rule of action or conduct.
Preface: An introductory or preliminary statement.
Proem: A preface or prelude.
Prologue: An introduction or preface to a literary work.
Prose: Ordinary language as opposed to verse or poetry.
Proverb: A short, pithy saying in frequent and widespread use that expresses a basic truth or practical precept, usually of unknown authorship.
Quotation: A repeated passage.
Saw: A familiar saying that has become trite through frequent repetition.
Saying: Something, such as an adage or a maxim, that is said and is an often repeated and familiar expression.
Shibboleth: A word or phrase identified with a particular group or cause.
Slogan: A word or brief phrase, often striking, associated with a group.
Source: The point at which something first springs into being or from which it derives or is obtained.
Synopsis: A summary or condensed version of a literary work.
Tagline: An often repeated phrase associated with an individual, an organization, or a commercial product; a slogan.
Toast: A proposal to drink to someone or something ora speech given before the taking of such a drink.
Truism: An undoubted or self-evident truth; a statement which is plainly true needing no proof or argument.
Verse: Language composed with metrical rhythm.