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CHRONOLOGICAL NAME LIST Before 300 BC


Ptahhotep, Egyptian sage and vizier (fl. 2650 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Hammurabi, Babylonian king (c. 1792 BC - 1750 BC)      CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Ikhenathon (Akhenaton), Egyptian king of Egypt and religious reformer (c. 1375 BC - 1358 BC)   
David, Biblical king of Judah and Israel (1013 BC? - 973 BC?)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Solomon, king of the ancient Hebrews and son of David (? - c. 930 BC)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Lycurgus, Spartan semi-mythical law-giver (fl. c. 850 BC)      READ QUOTES (4)  
Hesiod, Greek pastoral poet, father of Greek didactic poetry (c. 800 BC - c. 720 BC)      READ QUOTES (23)  
Homer ("Smyrns of Chios"), Greek poet (fl. 750 BC or earlier)      READ QUOTES (243)     CHECK READING LIST (2)  
Aristodemus, Messenian semi-legendary ruler of Messenia (reigned c. 731 BC - 724 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Archilochus, Greek poet and satirist (c. 680 BC or 700 BC)      READ QUOTES (3)  
Creon, Athenian first archon king (fl. 683 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Periander of Corinth, Greek tyrant, one of Seven Sages (665? BC - 585 BC)      READ QUOTES (3)  
Pittacus of Mitylene, Greek one of Seven Sages, statesman, philosopher and poet (c. 652 BC - 569 BC)      READ QUOTES (5)  
Mimnermus, Greek elegiac poet (fl. 630 BC - 600 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Thales of Miletus, Greek one of Seven Sages, philosopher, astronomer and geometer (c. 640 BC - 546 BC)      READ QUOTES (8)  
Solon, Athenian one of Seven Sages, lawgiver (c. 638 BC - 559 BC)      READ QUOTES (24)  
Cleobulus of Lindos, Rhodes one of Seven Sages (633 BC - 564 BC)      READ QUOTES (4)  
Alcaeus, Greek lyric poet (fl. c. 600 BC)      READ QUOTES (3)  
Anacharsis, Scythian philosopher (fl. 600 BC)      READ QUOTES (6)  
Fan Chen, Chinese mathematician (fl. 600 BC)   
Sappho, Greek lyric poet (fl. c. 600 BC)      READ QUOTES (9)  
Zoroaster, Persian philosopher and religious leader (c. 628 BC - c. 551 BC)      READ QUOTES (10)  
Aesop, Greek fabulist and author (c. 620 BC - c. 560 BC)      READ QUOTES (31)  
Chilo of Sparta (Chilon), Greek one of Seven Sages (early 6th century BC)      READ QUOTES (7)  
Anaximander, Greek physical philosopher and mathematician (c. 611 BC - 547 BC)   
Lao-Tzu (Lao-Tsze or Laosi)("The Venerable Philosopher"), Chinese philosopher (c. 604 BC - c. 531 BC)      READ QUOTES (11)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Cyrus the Great, Persian founder (600 BC? - 529 BC)   
Bias of Priene, Greek one of Seven sages (c. 566 BC)      READ QUOTES (11)  
Croesus, Lydian wealthy king (590? BC - after 525 BC)   
Kapila, Hindu philosopher (fl. before mid 6th century BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Phocylides, Greek gnomic poet (fl. 560 BC)   
Pythagoras, Greek mathematician and philosopher (582 BC - 497 BC)      READ QUOTES (25)  
Ariphon the Sicyonian, Greek poet (c. 550 BC)   
Artabanus I, Persian prince (fl. c. 550 BC)   
Theano, Greek wife of Pythagoras (c. 550 BC)   
Xenophanes, Greek philosopher and poet (c. 576 BC - 480 BC)   
Hippoclides, Greek notable (c. 6th century BC)   
Myson, Greek philosopher (c. 600 BC)   
Theognis of Megara, Greek elegiac poet (570? BC - 490? BC)      READ QUOTES (3)  
Lucius Tarquin, Roman legendary king (6th century BC)   
Anacreon, Greek amatory lyric poet (c. 563 BC - 478 BC)      READ QUOTES (3)  
Buddha (Gautama Buddha), Indian religious leader (563 BC - 483 BC)      READ QUOTES (27)  
Horatius Cocles, Roman legendary hero, one of 3 brothers (Horatii) (6th century BC)   
Simonides of Ceos, Greek lyric poet (556 BC - 467 BC)      READ QUOTES (7)  
Confucius, Chinese philosopher (c. 551 BC - 478 BC)      READ QUOTES (112)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Hecato (Hecataeus), Greek historian and geographer (c. 550 BC - 476 BC)   
Epicharmus, Dorian comic poet and Pythagorean philosopher (540? BC - 450 BC)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Heraclitus of Ephesus, Greek philosopher (c. 540 BC - c. 480 BC)      READ QUOTES (28)  
Lucius Junius Brutus, Roman consul, legendary founder of Roman republic (fl. 509 BC)   
Ischomachus, Greek athlete (fl. 508 BC)   
Alcamaeon of Crotona, Greek physician and philosopher (c. 500 BC)   
Sun Tzu (Sunzi), Chinese military strategist (c. 500 BC)      READ QUOTES (5)  
Aeschylus, Greek tragic poet (525 BC - 456 BC)      READ QUOTES (40)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Menennius Agripa (Lanatus), Roman patrician and senator (fl. 493 BC)   
Pindar, Greek chief lyric poet (c. 522 BC - 433 BC)      READ QUOTES (8)  
Demophilus, Greek general and architect (? - 480 BC)      READ QUOTES (4)  
Xerxes I, the Great, Persian king (486 BC - 465 BC) (519? BC - 465 BC)   
Themistocles, Athenian statesman and commander (514? BC - 449 BC)      READ QUOTES (4)  
Aristides ("The Just"), Greek general and statesman (fl. 480 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Pausanias, Spartan general (fl. 479 BC)   
Cleonice, Greek maiden killed by Pausanius (c. 476 BC)   
Anaxagoras, Greek philosopher and scientist (c. 500 BC - c. 428 BC)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Crates, Greek actor and dramatist (fl. c. 470 BC)   
Sophocles, Greek tragic poet (c. 496 BC - 406 BC)      READ QUOTES (53)     CHECK READING LIST (3)  
Pericles, Greek statesman (495 BC - 429 BC)      READ QUOTES (10)  
Protagoras, Greek sophist and philosopher (490? BC - 420? BC)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Euripides, Greek tragic poet (485 BC - 406 BC)      READ QUOTES (92)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Herodotus ("Father of History"), Greek historian (c. 484 BC - c. 409 BC)      READ QUOTES (19)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Leontinus Gorgias, Greek sophist and rhetorician (483 BC - 375 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Agis II, Greek king of Sparta (fl. 450 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Antiphon, Greek orator (480 BC - 411 BC)   
Hippias, Greek sophist (fl. 450 BC)   
Ion, Greek poet and dramatist (fl. 450 BC)   
Parmenides, Greek Eleatic philosopher (fl. 450 BC)   
Marcus Horatius Barbatus, Roman consul (c. 449 BC)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Dionysius of Chalcus, Greek poet and orator (fl. c. 444 BC)      READ QUOTES (3)  
Thucydides, Greek historian (c. 471 BC - c. 400 BC)      READ QUOTES (12)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Choerilus of Samos, Greek tragic dramatist (c. 470 BC - 399 BC)   
Lamachus, Athenian general (c. 470 BC - 414 BC)   
Socrates, Greek philosopher (c. 470 BC - 399 BC)      READ QUOTES (71)  
Cleon, Athenian demagogue (? - 422 BC)   
Democritus, Greek philosopher (460 BC - 370 BC)      READ QUOTES (10)  
Hippocrates of Iphicrates, Island of Cos physician and writer, Father of Medicine (460 BC - 377 BC)      READ QUOTES (11)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Agesilaus, the Great, Greek king of Sparta (455 BC - 361 BC)      READ QUOTES (6)  
Empedocles, Greek poet, physicist and philosopher (455? BC - 395 BC)   
Alcibiades, Athenian general and politician (450 BC? - 404 BC?)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Agathon, Greek tragic poet (c. 448 BC - 400 BC)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Aristophanes, Greek poet and satirist (c. 448 BC - c. 380 BC)      READ QUOTES (13)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Eupolis, Greek poet (c. 446 BC - 411 BC)   
Antisthenes, Greek philosopher and founder of Cynic school (444 BC - c. 371 BC)      READ QUOTES (8)  
Isocrates, Athenian orator (436 BC - 338 BC)      READ QUOTES (5)  
Lysander, Greek general and statesman (? - 395 BC)      READ QUOTES (3)  
Alcidamus, Greek rhetorician (c. 432 BC - 411 BC)   
Dionysius the Elder, Syracusan tyrant (c. 431 BC - 367 BC)   
Archytas of Tarentum, Greek general, mathematician and philosopher (fl. 400 BC)   
Cratinus, the Younger, Greek comic poet (fl. 400 BC)   
Dionysius of Heraclea, Italian Stoic philosopher (fl. 400 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Xenophon, Greek general, historian and essayist (c. 430 BC - after 357 BC)      READ QUOTES (12)  
Plato (originally Aristocles}, Greek philosopher (c. 427 BC - 347 BC)      READ QUOTES (82)     CHECK READING LIST (4)  
Aristippus, Greek philosopher and founder of the Cyrenaic school (425? BC - 366? BC)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Ezra (Esdras), Hebrew scribe and priest (5th century BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Brennus, Celtic leader of the Senonian Gauls (fl. 390 BC)   
Iphicrates, Athenian general (419 BC - 348 BC)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Diogenes ("The Cynic"), Greek philosopher (412 BC - 323 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Phocion, Athenian general and patriot (402? BC - 317 BC)   
Anaxandrides, Greek comic poet (fl. 370 BC)   
Scopas, Greek sculptor and architect (400 BC - 320 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Antipater, Macedonian general and statesman (398? BC - 319 BC)   
Xenocrates, Greek philosopher (396 BC - 314 BC)   
Dionysius the Younger, Syracusan tyrant (c. 367 BC - 356 BC)   
Antiphanes of Macedonia, Greek comic poet (fl. 360 BC)      READ QUOTES (4)  
Aeschines, Greek statesman and orator (389 BC - 314 BC)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Aristotle, Greek philosopher (384 BC - 322 BC)      READ QUOTES (154)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Antigonus I ("The Cyclops") (Antigonius), Phrygian ruler and one of Alexander's generals (382? BC - 301 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Demosthenes, Greek orator and statesman (382 BC - 322 BC)      READ QUOTES (21)  
Philip of Macedon, Macedonian king, father of Alexander the Great (382 BC - 336 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Archidamus III, Greek king of Sparta (fl. 350 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Demades, Greek orator and politician (fl. 350 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Phryne, Athenian courtesan (fl. 350 BC)   
Tachos, Egyptian king (c. 350 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Pyrrho, Greek philosopher and skeptic (c. 376 BC - 270 BC)   
Demodocus, Greek epigrammatist (4th century BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Mencius, Chinese philosopher (371 BC - 289 BC)      READ QUOTES (25)  
Theodorus of Cyrene, Greek philosopher (fl. 340 BC)   
Chuang Tzu (Zhuangzi), Chinese philosopher (369 BC - 286 BC)      READ QUOTES (3)  
Parmenio, Macedonian general under Alexander (fl. 335 BC)   
Archestratus, Greek naturalistic poet (fl. 330 BC)   
Philemon, Greek poet of new comedy (360? BC - 262? BC)      READ QUOTES (5)  
Pytheas, Greek mariner of Marseilles (c. 330 BC)   
Alexander, the Great, Macedonian general and ruler (356 BC - 323 BC)      READ QUOTES (3)  
Apelles, Greek painter (fl. 325 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Cercidas of Crete, Greek epigrammatist (c. 325 BC)   
Menedemus, Greek philosopher (350 BC? - 276 BC?)      READ QUOTES (2)  
Appius Caecus Claudius ("The Censor"), Roman censor, dictator and poet, started building of Appian Way (fl. 312 BC)   
Epicurus, Greek philosopher (341 BC - 271 BC)      READ QUOTES (17)     CHECK READING LIST (2)  
Menander, Greek dramatic poet (c. 341 BC - c. 293 BC)      READ QUOTES (19)  
Qu Yuan, Chinese poet and patriot (340 BC - 278 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Amphis, Greek playwright (4th century BC)   
Bion of Smyrna, Greek popular philosopher and poet (c. 325 BC - c. 255 BC)      READ QUOTES (6)  
Euclid, Greek geometer (c. 323 BC - 283 BC)      READ QUOTES (2)     CHECK READING LIST (1)  
Pyrrhus, Epirus king (318? BC - 272 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Arcesilaus, Greek philosopher (c. 316 BC - c. 241 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Appius Claudius Caecus, Roman orator (c. 312 BC - 278 BC)      READ QUOTES (1)  
Callimachus, Greek poet and grammarian (310 BC - 240 BC)      READ QUOTES (4)  


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